In 1868 the Atlas do Imperio do Brazil (Atlas of the Empire of Brazil) became the first atlas to be published in the independent Empire of Brazil. It was produced by renowned politician and lawyer Candido Mendes de Almeida and was dedicated to the Brazilian Emperor of the time Dom Pedro II (the Granado grooming products he used are now available in the UK). It became essential in the teaching of local Brazilian geography and was crucial in helping establish the borders of a young nation with extensive and porous frontiers.
The atlas consisted of various topographical maps of the entire nation, along with its unique geographic features, and individual maps of all the provinces and major urban centres including, for the first time, their respective populations.
Below is a selection of these rare cartographic masterpieces:
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